30-30 vs 45-70: The Pros and Cons of Each Rifle Cartridge


There are many rifle cartridges on the market, and each one has its own set of pros and cons. In this blog post, we will compare the 30-30 Winchester cartridge to the 45-70 Government cartridge. Both of these cartridges have been around for a long time and are popular among hunters and shooters. Let’s take a closer look at each one!

30-30 vs 45-70

The 30-30 Winchester cartridge was first introduced in 1895 and was designed for use in lever-action rifles. The cartridge is named after its bullet diameter (30 caliber) and the amount of powder used to load it (30 grains). The 30-30 is a very popular deer hunting cartridge due to its flat trajectory and moderate recoil. However, the 30-30 has a relatively short effective range, so it is not ideal for long-range shooting.

The 45-70 Government cartridge was first introduced in 1873 and was designed for use in single-shot and double-barrel rifles. The cartridge is named after its bullet diameter (45 caliber) and the amount of powder used to load it (70 grains). The 45-70 is a very powerful cartridge with a long effective range. However, the 45-70 has a high recoil, so it is not ideal for shooters who are not experienced in handling large caliber rifles.


So, which cartridge is right for you? If you are looking for a deer hunting cartridge with moderate recoil and flat trajectory, then the 30-30 Winchester might be a good choice. If you are looking for a powerful cartridge with a long effective range, then the 45-70 Government might be a better choice.

30-30 cartridge overview

30-30 Winchester is a popular cartridge for both hunting and target shooting. It was first introduced in 1895, and since then has been used by many different rifle manufacturers. The 30-30 cartridge is a rimmed, bottlenecked design that uses a .308 diameter bullet. It is typically loaded with a 150 grain bullet, but can also be found with lighter or heavier bullets. The cartridge is known for its accuracy, flat trajectory, and moderate recoil.

The 30-30 Winchester has been used to take down everything from deer to elk, and even bears. It is a versatile cartridge that can be used for many different purposes. Whether you are looking to hunt game or shoot targets, the 30-30 Winchester is an excellent choice.

30-30 cartridge pros and cons

As we mentioned, the main advantage of the 30-30 cartridge is its versatility. It can be used for hunting a variety of game, from deer to hogs. Additionally, it is widely available and relatively affordable.

On the downside, the 30-30 is not particularly powerful, especially when compared to more modern cartridges. It also has a relatively short range. So if you’re looking for a long-range rifle or something with a bit more punch, the 30-30 may not be the best choice.

Overall, the 30-30 cartridge is a good all-around option for hunters who want a versatile rifle that won’t break the bank. Just keep in mind its limitations before you head out into the field.

What is the killing range of a 30-30?

Many people ask me what the killing range of a 30-30 is. The answer, like with most things related to hunting, is “it depends”. If you are a very experienced hunter and marksman, you could probably kill an animal at 300 yards with a 30-30. However, the average hunter is going to be more successful if they stick to shots within 200 yards.

The important thing to remember with any rifle is that shot placement is key. Even the largest and most powerful rifle won’t do much good if you don’t hit your target in a vital spot. So, when you are out hunting, make sure you take the time to line up your shot carefully before pulling the trigger.

Of course, the best way to ensure a successful kill is to get as close to your target as possible. If you can stalk within 100 yards of an animal, you are in a much better position to take a clean shot that will put it down quickly.

So, what is the killing range of a 30-30? It really depends on the hunter and the situation. With proper care and attention to detail, you can make a successful kill at pretty much any distance.

45-70 cartridge overview

The 45-70 cartridge is a popular choice for big game hunting. It offers excellent penetration and large bullet diameter, making it ideal for taking down large animals. The cartridge is also popular among target shooters and has seen use in military applications.

The 45-70 was first introduced in 1873, and saw widespread use in the United States during the Indian Wars of the late 1800s. The cartridge continued to be used through World War I and World War II, seeing action in both theaters of war. Today, the 45-70 remains a popular choice for big game hunting, as well as long-range shooting and plinking.

If you’re looking for a versatile cartridge that can do it all, the 45-70 is a great choice. It’s been around for over 140 years and shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon.

45-70 cartridge pros and cons

The 45-70 cartridge was originally designed in 1873 for the military. It has since become a popular choice among hunters, particularly those who hunt large game such as bear or elk. There are several pros and cons to consider before choosing this cartridge for your next hunting trip.

One advantage of the 45-70 is that it is very versatile. It can be used in both lever-action rifles and single-shot pistols. This means that you can find a firearm that suits your individual shooting style and preferences. Additionally, the 45-70 packs a powerful punch, making it ideal for taking down large game animals.

However, there are also some disadvantages to consider before selecting the 45-70 cartridge. One downside is that it can be difficult to find ammunition, particularly if you live in a rural area. Additionally, the 45-70 can be quite loud when fired, so be sure to wear ear protection if you plan on using this cartridge.

Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to use the 45-70 cartridge for your next hunt comes down to personal preference. If you are looking for a versatile and powerful option, then the 45-70 may be right for you. However, keep in mind that it can be difficult to find ammunition and it can be quite loud when fired.

What is the best caliber for lever action rifles?

This is a question that has been debated for many years with no clear answer. It really depends on what you are looking for in a lever action rifle. If you are looking for a rifle that is powerful and can take down large game, then you will want to look into a caliber such as the .30-06 or the .308 Winchester. However, if you are simply looking for a lever action rifle that is fun to shoot and plink around with, then any of the smaller calibers such as the .22LR or the .17HMR would be perfectly fine.

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