Mossberg 500 vs 590: Which Shotgun Is Right for You?


When it comes to shotguns, few names are as well-known and respected in the firearms community as Mossberg. The 500 and 590 models from this iconic brand have been trusted for decades by hunters, target shooters, law enforcement personnel, military members and other professionals who need reliable firepower. In this article we will explore the mossberg 500 vs 590 debate – discussing their descriptions, benefits pro’s & con’s of each model along with pricing information so you can make an informed decision on which shotgun is right for your needs. Let’s dive into the mossberg 500 vs 590 comparison now.

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mossberg 500 vs 590

Mossberg 500 Overview


The Mossberg 500 is a pump-action shotgun designed for hunting, home defense, and law enforcement use. It has an 18.5” barrel with a 3” chamber and can hold up to five rounds of ammunition in its magazine tube. It features dual action bars for smooth operation and comes with several different stock options including wood, synthetic, or tactical models.


The Mossberg 500 offers many benefits for the shooter including reliability, durability, affordability, and ease of use. Its pump-action design makes it easy to operate even under stressful situations while its lightweight construction allows it to be easily carried in the field or on patrol. Additionally, its simple design means that maintenance is minimal which helps keep costs down over time.

One of the biggest pros associated with the Mossberg 500 is its price point; at around $300-$400 depending on model type and accessories included, it is one of the most affordable shotguns available today, making it ideal for those looking to get into shooting without breaking their budget. On the other hand, some shooters may find that due to its shorter barrel length accuracy suffers at longer distances compared to other shotguns like semi-automatics or bolt actions which are better suited for long range shooting applications such as skeet or sporting clays competitions.

The Mossberg 500 is a reliable, cost-effective shotgun that can be used for both hunting and home defense. It offers great value for money and is an ideal choice for new firearm users. Now let’s take a look at the features of the Mossberg 590.

mossberg 500 vs 590

Mossberg 590 Overview


The Mossberg 590 is a pump-action shotgun designed for tactical and defensive use. It features an 8+1 capacity, with a 3” chamber that allows it to fire 2 ¾” or 3” shells. The barrel length varies from 18.5″ to 20″, depending on the model, and the stock can be adjusted for length of pull. The receiver is constructed from aluminum alloy and the barrel is made of steel, making it both lightweight and durable.


One of the main benefits of owning a Mossberg 590 is its reliability; it has been tested in some of the most extreme conditions imaginable without fail. Additionally, this shotgun offers excellent accuracy due to its adjustable sights and tight tolerances between components. Finally, thanks to its ergonomic design, it’s easy to handle even under stressful situations such as home defense scenarios or competitive shooting sports events.

Some advantages include high magazine capacity (8+1), adjustable stock length for different shooters’ preferences/needs, reliable performance in harsh environments, and good accuracy due to adjustable sights and tight tolerances between components. However, some disadvantages include a heavier weight than other shotguns on the market (7 lbs) which could affect maneuverability when used in close quarters combat scenarios or hunting applications where mobility may be an important factor.

The Mossberg 590 is a reliable and dependable firearm that offers many benefits for both new and experienced shooters. This article will now take a look at how the Mossberg 500 compares to its more advanced counterpart, the 590.

Comparison of Mossberg 500 vs 590

The Mossberg 500 and 590 shotguns are two of the most popular firearms for outdoor sports, home defense, and recreational shooting. Both models offer reliable performance with a range of features to suit different needs. However, there are some key differences between them that should be considered when choosing which one is right for you.

Design Differences

The Mossberg 500 has a traditional pump-action design with an exposed hammer and crossbolt safety located behind the trigger guard. It also has a five-round capacity tube magazine that can be loaded from either side of the receiver. The 590 model features an ambidextrous top-mounted safety switch as well as an eight-round capacity tube magazine that can only be loaded from the left side of the receiver. Additionally, it includes a heavy walled barrel for increased durability and accuracy at longer distances than its predecessor.

Performance Differences

When it comes to performance, both models offer similar levels of reliability in terms of cycling rounds through their respective magazines without any issues or jams occurring during firing sequences. However, due to its heavier barrel construction, the 590 model offers improved accuracy over long distances compared to its counterpart while still maintaining excellent recoil control even when using magnum loads such as 3” shells or slugs up to 2 ¾” in length respectively. In addition, its ambidextrous safety switch makes it easier for users who prefer shooting with either hand equally comfortable while handling this firearm safely at all times regardless if they are left or right handed shooters alike.

Price Differences

In terms of price points between these two models, there is not much difference between them except for what accessories come included with each package upon purchase depending on where you buy your firearm from (i.e online retailers vs local gun shops). Generally speaking, expect prices around the $400-$500 USD mark before taxes, fees, and shipping charges etc., so budget accordingly if needed beforehand.

The Mossberg 500 and 590 shotguns offer similar features with slight design, performance, and price differences. As such, it is important to understand the best uses for each shotgun in order to make an informed decision when selecting a firearm for your needs.

Key Takeaway: The Mossberg 500 and 590 shotguns are both reliable firearms for outdoor sports, home defense, and recreational shooting. The main differences between them are the design (5-round capacity tube magazine vs 8-round capacity) and performance (heavy walled barrel for increased accuracy). Price points range around $400-$500 USD before taxes, fees, etc.

Best Uses for the Mossberg 500 and 590 Shotguns

Home Defense/Law Enforcement Use Cases:

Both models feature a reliable pump-action design that is easy to operate, making them ideal for quick response situations. Additionally, the 500 model has an optional pistol grip which provides greater control in close quarters combat scenarios. For maximum effectiveness, both models should be outfitted with slugs or buckshot rounds depending on the situation.

Hunting/Outdoor Sports Use Cases:

The Mossberg 500 and 590 shotguns are also great options for hunting and outdoor sports activities such as trap shooting or skeet shooting. Both models have a smooth action that makes it easy to cycle through multiple rounds quickly when needed. They can also be fitted with various barrel lengths to accommodate different types of game animals or sporting clays targets at varying distances. In addition, they can handle most standard shotgun shells including birdshot, buckshot, slug loads, etc., giving you plenty of versatility in the field.

Finally, both the Mossberg 500 and 590 shotguns make excellent recreational firearms due to their ease of use and reliability in all conditions. Whether you’re plinking cans at the range or just enjoying some friendly competition with friends, these guns will provide hours of fun without breaking your budget. Plus they come equipped with adjustable stocks so you can customize them to fit any shooter’s size and stature comfortably while still providing accurate shots every time you pull the trigger.

FAQs in Relation to Mossberg 500 vs 590

What is the difference between Mossberg 500 and 590 retrograde?

The Mossberg 500 is a more traditional shotgun design with an exposed hammer and tubular magazine. It has a fixed cylinder bore barrel that can fire up to 3” shells. The 590 Retrograde, on the other hand, features a modernized look with an enclosed hammer and box magazine that holds up to 9 rounds of 2 ¾” or 3” shells. Additionally, it comes equipped with ghost ring sights for improved accuracy at longer distances compared to the open sights found on the 500 model.

Is the Mossberg 590 any good?

The Mossberg 590 is a popular and reliable choice for shooters of all levels. It is known for its durability, accuracy, and ease of use. The 590 has been around since the early 1980s and has become a staple in many gun collections due to its versatility. Its 18.5-inch barrel makes it ideal for home defense or hunting applications, while its adjustable stock allows users to customize their fitment. Additionally, the 590 features an anti-jam elevator that ensures smooth operation even after extended use. All these features make the Mossberg 590 an excellent choice for any shooter looking for a reliable firearm they can rely on in any situation.

Why Mossberg 500 is better than Remington 870?

Mossberg 500 and Remington 870 are both popular pump-action shotguns, but the Mossberg 500 has several advantages over the Remington 870. Firstly, the Mossberg 500 is lighter in weight due to its anodized aluminum receiver. This makes it easier to carry for long periods of time while hunting or shooting sports. Secondly, the Mossberg 500’s dual action bars provide smoother cycling than the single action bar on a Remington 870 which can lead to jamming issues with some types of ammunition. Finally, the Mossberg 500 features a tang safety located behind the trigger guard which allows for faster target acquisition than that of a crossbolt safety found on many models of Remington 870s. All these factors make it clear why many shooters prefer a Mossberg 500 over a Remington 870 when looking for their next shotgun purchase.

Do police use Mossberg 590?

Yes, police forces around the world use Mossberg 590 shotguns. The 590 is a reliable and durable pump-action shotgun that has been in production since 1981. It features an ambidextrous safety, dual extractors, and positive shell extraction for easy reloading. Its 20-inch barrel makes it ideal for close quarters combat situations and its 8+1 capacity gives it plenty of firepower when needed. The Mossberg 590 is a popular choice among law enforcement agencies due to its reliability and affordability.


In conclusion, the Mossberg 500 and 590 shotguns are both reliable firearms that offer different benefits for different users. The Mossberg 500 is a great choice for those who want an affordable and lightweight option while the 590 offers more features such as increased capacity and greater durability. Ultimately, it comes down to personal preference when deciding between the two models of mossbergs. Both have their pros and cons but each one can be used effectively in various situations depending on your needs. No matter which model you choose, you can rest assured that you’re getting a quality firearm with the iconic “Mossberg” name behind it.

Are you looking for the perfect rifle, pistol or ammunition to meet your outdoor sports needs? Look no further than Mossberg 500 and 590! With their superior quality, craftsmanship and performance, these two guns have become a staple in the hunting world. Whether you’re shooting clays or big game animals – these shotguns are designed with accuracy and reliability in mind. Also check out the Mossberg 600 another excellent shotgun from the Mossberg Family.  Get yours today and experience the ultimate combination of power, precision and affordability that only Mossberg can provide!

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